Featured articles, Upland West by Scott Winston

Grouse on the Prairie: Hunting with Flushing Dogs

Pointing dogs are the most common choice for hunting prairie grouse. They can simply cover the most ground out on the vast wide open prairie.

Flushing dogs don’t cover as much ground, but this is by no means their fault. Rather, their much slower masters are to blame. However, flushing dog lovers can put themselves in the right place at the right time and deploy proven strategies for excellent results on prairie grouse. The key is understanding these indigenous gamebirds, their habitat and behaviors. Over the last decade, I have learned a few lessons while working flushing dogs on prairie grouse that even pointing dog enthusiasts might consider useful.

While traveling to South Dakota for pheasants, I was unexpectedly taken by the allure of the prairie grouse. Especially appealing is the mature male prairie chicken or “boomer.” Once numbering in the millions, concentrations of prairie chickens are now found only in isolated pockets.

This is the last frontier for these great gamebirds. In this wild country, the indigenous prairie grouse captures the spirit of the American pioneer West like no other. A hunt for chickens and sharpies is steeped in the history of the breathtaking landscapes they inhabit. Not many places remain where you can bag a limit of prairie chickens several days in a row.

Pointing dogs are the most common choice for hunting prairie grouse. They can simply cover the most ground out on the vast wide open prairie.

Big Numbers

I have had the good fortune of hunting at Prairie Grouse Haven with good friend Chance Colombe, a licensed Native American guide from Mission, S.D. Chance has a growing list of honey holes on the Rosebud Indian Reservation. This is “tribal ground” where prairie chickens and sharp-tailed grouse coexist in strong numbers.

My gun dog and I would rather hunt prairie grouse than the thousands of pheasants there. The allure of the prairie grouse is realized in the mystique of the Native American countryside and the challenge they present, especially with a flushing dog. Their habitat is vast and very different from that of their more popular imported Chinese neighbors. Hunting them with a flushing dog requires deployment of some very different strategies.

The primary defenses of both prairie grouse species is sight and flight. Late in the season, large coveys are often observed with sentinels posted in trees, high in bushes or on hay bales, always on the lookout for danger. Prairie grouse are typically found in native grass on a hillside or on elevated ground where they can see a safe distance. They survive by seeing predators first and flush before they are eaten.

Prairie chickens prefer fairly flat country in native grass near crops. Sunflower is their favorite; corn and soybeans next. Sharp-tailed grouse like grasslands with rolling terrain. Both are challenging targets, especially the mature boomer, considered by many to be a trophy bird. Given their limited numbers and the level of difficulty in bringing a big boomer to bag, this western gamebird is a frequent flyer on many bucket lists.

On the Rosebud, prairie chickens are thriving, and as a bonus there are equal numbers of sharptails. Telling them apart in flight is an acquired skill. Chickens have small fanned tails and horizontal barred chest feathers. Sharpies have a mostly white underside and a pointed tail. Chickens have bare yellow ankles and sharpies have white feathers down to their toes. They both chuckle like they are laughing at you when they flush.

There has been a steady increase in the populations of both prairie grouse species in the south central region of South Dakota over the past few years. On the Rosebud, we hunt grasslands, checker-boarded with crops.

Double Down

September and into late October, both prairie grouse species can still be found in family groups with many adolescent birds. Flushes are close in and daily limits are not uncommon. Because they are covey birds, prairie grouse frequently provide the opportunity for a double. Last season, two out of every three hunters at Prairie Grouse Haven scored doubles. The season prior, my friend Ross Starner scored four doubles in four days of hunting and one of them contained a sharpie and a chicken!

October is my favorite month to be there. Wild roosters are often taken in the grass while grouse hunting. Snipe also migrate through this gamebird Mecca. Around mid-morning, chickens settle down and loaf in native grass, rendering them vulnerable. Prairie grouse are more predicable under a normal weather pattern—sunny and breezy. Any precipitation makes them unpredictable, especially chickens.

From November on, the cold weather has already forced the two grouse species into larger coveys. November is the best time to collect a mountable boomer as their pena’ feathers are fully developed. These are the neck feathers that pop up behind their heads during their mating dance. Interestingly, prairie chickens and sharp-tailed grouse do mix together here. Not on the same spring lek, mind you, but when the cold weather moves in, they covey up for warmth and protection from predators.
Habitat is critical to finding grouse out on the vast expanse of the prairie. Look for native grass with nearby croplands. This will be a paradigm shift for pheasant hunters who may lean toward thicker cover in low lying areas. What looks like prime pheasant cover is not where you will find prairie grouse. The best habitat is pristine grass that looks like it did when Native Americans hunted there.

Grouse are not likely to be found in areas where cattle have overgrazed the grass, yet I’ve seen them eating right out of a cattle feeder. They also eat grasshoppers and crickets. The soft green secondary shoots are preferred for loafing.
Grass that is shorter than knee high is best. Any higher and the birds cannot see over it to defend themselves. However, when it is hot they will seek shade in taller grass, plum thickets and tree rows. If there is dew or rain on the grass, they move to short grass or areas where they can stay dry.

Best Tactics

Wind is a huge factor when hunting prairie grouse. They do not like the wind and will position themselves out of it, yet still locate where they have good sight advantage. Picture the birds tucked out of the wind behind a rise. The wind is blowing in from behind them. They are looking downwind for coyotes and hawks that are hunting into the wind. That said, a strategy that really works, especially with flushing dogs, is to surprise those grouse by coming up and over the rise with the wind at your back. While counter intuitive, it works but it does take some getting used to.

Hunting the wind differently is also tricky for dogs. When they are quartering, scent shows up in between their nose and their master. I learned to let my spaniel work further out. Many exuberant flushes occur between the dog and the gun. Eventually the dog learns to circle ahead, working the wind back toward the gun. A bonus that comes with the wind at your back is grouse tend to flush into the wind, thus giving the shooter extra time.

A north or west wind usually brings cold weather and puts prairie grouse on high alert. The most favorable wind is from the south or east, which is usually accompanied by mild weather and has a calming effect on the birds. Grouse do hold tighter on breezy days, even in high winds. Wind is an advantage for the prairie grouse hunter as it concentrates the birds in the most likely spots out of the wind. The good news is the wind does blow on the prairie.

Be sure to follow up on every flush, including those wild ones. With each covey rise, there is a chance that a straggler may have been left behind. Any stragglers will hold tight without the protection of their covey. Many hunters assume that all the birds have gone with the covey rise and miss a golden opportunity.

Also, once the big coveys have formed later in the season, mature boomers like to satellite nearby in small bachelor groups, loafing some distance from the covey. I have bagged numerous boomers loafing with other boomers and up to a 1,000 yards from the main covey. A good strategy is to cover a large circle around where the covey flushed, using the topography and wind to your advantage.

At first glance the prairie may appear nondescript, but out there it undulates into hidden pockets aching for exploration with small havens that keep prairie grouse comfortably out of the perpetual wind. A sharpie and/or a chicken in the bag taken with any dog is an accomplishment; a mature boomer is a trophy. A double boomer or even a limit of boomers is the ultimate. You need only to step out onto the wild prairie, chase these amazing gamebirds and take a good look around to realize it.
This hunt is defined as much by the pristine Native American landscape as it is a pleasure to walk. Veteran upland hunters looking for easier walking and a new challenge need look no further. A bonus with hunting in native grass is that you can actually see almost every move your gun dog makes while performing for you. Your dog’s feet, nose and tender tummy will also notice the difference between hunting on the prairie compared to thicker, more punishing cover.

While there is no doubt that a pointing dog can make hunting for prairie grouse easier, any upland hunter, no matter their dog of choice, can benefit from the lessons learned while working flushing dogs on prairie grouse.

For more information on Prairie Grouse Haven, contact Chance Colombe at (605) 828-7475 or author Scott Winston at (303) 250-0302